G20

Agreed and launched in 2012, the CPMI-IOSCO Principles for Financial Market Infrastructures (‘PFMIs’) require that all central securities depositories (CSDs), central clearing houses (CCPs), payment systems, and trade repositories perform a very detailed self-assessment of how well they observe these global standards. The self-assessments are meant to be published as a matter of enforcing transparency on these systemically critical systems, and also to reassure the markets and public that these national institutions are meeting a consistent set of minimum standards. The PFMIs are one set of the body of standards orchestrated by the Financial Stability Board on behalf of G20 governments.

This is the second in a series of articles on PMFIs.

In response to the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-2009, the G20 countries developed a series of public policy initiatives in order to reorder and de-risk the world’s financial system. As initially announced in the 2009 Pittsburgh Declaration by the heads of those 20 governments, a key element focused on solidifying market infrastructures, themselves a central focus of Thomas Murray’s work since the company’s founding in 1994.

US Congressman Patrick McHenry recently sent a letter to Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen criticising the Fed’s participation in setting global banking rules of conduct and asserting that standards are agreed in opaque settings. But standardisation lowers business costs in finance as in manufacturing – for American banks and investors as well as their international counterparts. A common set of rules for the global financial industry is just a matter of common sense, argues Thomas Murray.

The FSB (Financial Stability Board) has recently produced its ninth report on the implementation of the G20 financial reform programme as it pertains to OTC (over the counter) derivatives transactions.

There remain a number of issues that have been present almost since the beginning of the reform programme, such as cross-border regulatory issues, and a few emerging issues, not least in regards to trade reporting.

The FSB report found that:

In the world of capital markets, the public spotlight has predominantly fallen on pre-trade and trade analysis. The media focusses its attention on the price of shares, the movement of currencies, the possibility of changes to interest rates and the fundamentals of markets, as well as corporate news.